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Vegan Outreach: Working to End Cruelty to Animals
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Vegan Outreach is a 501(c)(3)
nonprofit organization dedicated to
reducing the suffering of farmed animals
by promoting informed, ethical eating.

Donations to VO are fully tax-deductible.
VO’s tax identification no. is #86-0736818.

Vegan Outreach
POB 1916, Davis, CA 95617-1916



Vegan Outreach Enewsletter  •  February 4, 2004


Print More Booklets!


Honoring God's Creation Now Available

You can order directly from the Christian Vegetarian Association, or up to nine copies from Vegan Outreach.


Volunteers Needed to Table and Pass out Why Vegans on Mest Tour

Action for Animals is looking for dedicated young activists to table at Mest concerts in February and March. Mest is a punk band with one vegan and one
vegetarian member who are both commited to animal lib. If you are interested please email or call 206-227-5752 To see if there will be a show in your area, see this site.


First Annual Animal Liberation Student Association Conference

April 23-25, Syracuse University. Featuring two sessions with Vegan Outreach co-founder Matt Ball. If anyone in the Syracuse area would like to get together during that time, please send an email.


Crazy cows? Flu birds? Time to Enter the Vegan


Does One Person Make a Difference?

Expected Utility, Contributory Causation, and Vegetarianism
by Gaverick Methany
Journal of Applied Philosophy 2002;19(3):293-7

"Abstract: Several authors have argued that act-utilitarianism cannot provide an adequate critique of buying meat because a single meat purchase will not actually cause more farm animals to be raised or slaughtered. Thus, regardless of whether or not the production of meat is inhumane to animals, someone who buys meat is doing nothing wrong. This argument fails to show that meat purchases are morally permissible, however, because it assumes that act-utilitarians would use actual utility in their decision to buy or not to buy meat. I show that act-utilitarians cannot use actual utility as a decision procedure and must instead use expected utility to prescribe or proscribe actions. I then demonstrate how expected utility can be applied to cases of contributory causation, where many people seem morally responsible for causing something to happen. Buying meat is one case of contributory causation where the probability of any single individual’s affecting meat production is slight, but the expected disutility of affecting that production is substantial. Thus, in its expected utility form, act-utilitarianism defeats the ‘causal inefficacy’ defence of buying meat."

Full article (PDF).


Every Donation Prevents Suffering

Vegan Outreach is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization dedicated to reducing the suffering of farmed animals by promoting informed, ethical eating.

All donations are tax-deductible.

Vegan Outreach

POB 30865, Tucson, AZ 85751-0865