Humane Research Council Survey on Vegetarian Recidivism

by Jack Norris, Executive Director

On December 2, the Humane Research Council (HRC) released a report about vegetarian recidivism, How Many Former Vegetarians Are There? I would like to thank HRC and all the people who funded this important research.

The report had a lot of information, much of which they’ve summarized in the article linked above, and I’m going to comment on just a few aspects of it.

A quick overview of the report is that it was a cross-sectional survey of 11,000 people in the USA aged 17 and older. They found that 2% are currently vegetarian/vegan, 10% are ex-vegetarian/vegan, 86% of people who go vegetarian lapse back into meat-eating, and 70% of those who go vegan lapse.

Former vegetarians/vegans adopted the diet at an older age, were more likely to list health than other reasons for going vegetarian/vegan, and transitioned onto the diet faster than current vegetarians/vegans. Former vegetarians/vegans were likely to stick with it less than a year with one-third lasting three months or less; 43% found it difficult to be pure. This seems predictable – when making a resolution to improve one’s health, people often start strong and quickly fade.

The good news regarding former vegetarians/vegans is that about half are interested in trying again and the survey indicates they do not eat large amounts of chicken (on average one-third serving of chicken per day).

Of former vegetarians/vegans, 29% indicated suffering from at least one in a list of health-related problems while vegetarian/vegan. I have discussed this more in my post Vegetarian Recidivism Survey at

I have traditionally resisted promoting a vegetarian/vegan diet for health reasons because it could cause people to give up the diet without much of an attempt to stick with it, go on to portray the diet negatively, and possibly eat more chicken than they previously did (in an attempt to avoid red meat, the most unhealthy of the animal products). Based on these results, I can see loosening that position somewhat.

On the other hand, I don’t see this survey as suggesting the health argument is necessarily the way to go, either. One of the big differences between former and current vegetarians/vegans is the extent to which they believed their diet was part of their identity and this was presumably because they had more than health reasons to be vegetarian/vegan.

Other research has had a similar finding. In their 2013 paper, Differences between health and ethical vegetarians. Strength of conviction, nutrition knowledge, dietary restriction, and duration of adherence, researchers found that “[E]thical vegetarians could experience stronger feelings of conviction and consume fewer animal products than health vegetarians, and may remain vegetarian longer.”

HRC suggests that we view vegetarian/vegan advocacy as a long-term relationship, not just a single point of outreach. With the recent addition of our vegan mentorship program and blogging about vegan food and products, Vegan Outreach has been focusing more on supporting people in their transition. We plan to create another program to support people in the coming months.

One thing to keep in mind is that this is a cross-sectional study and, therefore, cannot show causality. I think it’s a great start at finding out some valuable information, but we shouldn’t assume it’s the last word and I’d caution against drastically changing tactics based on these results alone.

2 thoughts on “Humane Research Council Survey on Vegetarian Recidivism

  1. In my own experience, I made the jump to vegetarianism for economic and health reasons. But I adopted veganism purely for ethical reasons (which were later reinforced by health reasons, with respect to dairy products). In that respect, going vegan was more akin to a conversion experience, triggered by exposure to the attrocities of animal farming and the need to align my beliefs in non-violence with my dietary and other lifestyle choices.

    At the same time, I can’t think we can overestimate the impact that peer and social pressure have on aspiring vegetarians and vegans. That pressure is relentless and often involves alienation from one’s own family (I am the only person in my family who is vegetarian / vegan). Similarly, as has been noted by others, full realization of the magnitude of animal suffering and societal indifference invariably contributes to feelings of depression / despair that are unconnected to diet. I consider myself extremely fit and active, and have not experienced any physical downside from changing my eating; but I have experienced deep sorrow / depression with regard to the new realities with which I’m now deeply acquainted.

    Thus, I think one thing that might reduce recidivism is finding ways to integrate new vegetarians / vegans into a larger community of like-minded people. Certainly this approach works for things like weight loss and substance abuse, as well as for religious converts. The sense of belonging and access to support would certainly help people overcome the stress of stepping outside the mainstream and bearing witness to, if only through their refusal to participate, the evils of animal exploitationl

  2. This is exactly why exists, to connect vegans, pre-vegans, and potential re-vegans with their existing community and social infrastructure and continuing developing thriving vegan communities everywhere. Vegan Shift is a non-profit that aims to be a uniting hub to promote a “rapid world vegan shift” as an answer to healthy, peaceful and sustainable living for all earthlings, to redirect our present ecocidal actions driving climate change, species extinction, resource pollution and global depletion. To tackle the magnitude and urgency of our present state, we seek to shift humanity’s perception from an egocentric to an eco-centric perspective, generate public awareness, unite advocates and activists, drive implementation of foundational structures while engaging and empowering people to live consciously and interconnected in alignment with vegan values based on self-evident principles of non-violence, truth, justice, liberty, dignity, equality, the right to pursue happiness and the ubiquitous respect for all life. By assuring vegan ethics and principles become mainstream, widely recognized, by protecting vegans against discrimination and rights violations, by organizing, galvanizing and mobilizing community events, by ensuring equivalent vegan options are accessible, convenient, and affordable, by providing the most current and accurate information and innovative technologies available and by maintaining an attitude that is friendly, positive and supportive, a discipline that is committed, focused, and engaged, a behavior that is nonviolent, consistent and socially just for all, and a language that is unequivocally strong, compassionate, and candid, and with organized, unified, high-visibility and direct political pressure, Vegan Shift will be instrumental in facilitating a healthy, peaceful, sustainable and ultimately successful vegan world transition.

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